What is AR
Augmented reality (AR) is a live direct or indirect view of a physical, real-world environment whose elements are augmented (or supplemented) by computer-generated sensory input such as sound, video, graphics or GPS data. It is related to a more general concept called mediated reality, in which a view of reality is modified (possibly even diminished rather than augmented) by a computer. As a result, the technology functions by enhancing one’s current perception of reality. By contrast, virtual reality replaces the real world with a simulated one. Augmentation is conventionally in real-time and in semantic context with environmental elements, such as sports scores on TV during a match. With the help of advanced AR technology (e.g. adding computer vision and object recognition) the information about the surrounding real world of the user becomes interactive and digitally manipulable. Information about the environment and its objects is overlaid on the real world. This information can be virtualor real, e.g. seeing other real sensed or measured information such as electromagnetic radio waves overlaid in exact alignment with where they actually are in space.
AR for Smart Phone
Currently, most of smart phones got the application in AR, whose application principle is similarly the same: Open GPS or AGPS for location, connect map server by built-in digital compass to confirm the building which the camera points to, what you should do is to walk straight to the certain position. The camera connects the virtual world with the reality.
Motion sensing game develops with input devices of electronic games,among which arcade game contributes the most.
The original input method of electronic games came from computer keyboard,then becomes joystick and console. With the technical development and needs of players,the relevant games companies released professional and specified input devices and large arcade games.For example, the well-known Duck Hunt Shoot Out of FC were the original model of motion sensing game which needs lightgun support.Another example is the VR police of arcade game,which needs player to hold lightgun,cooperate with arm,waist to play, also is the basis of motion sensing game.
Electronic Stability Control (ESC), also referred to as electronic stability program (ESP) or dynamic stability control (DSC), is a computerized technology that improves the safety of a vehicles stability by detecting and reducing loss of traction (skidding). When sensor ( Gyroscope ) detects loss of steering control, ESC automatically applies the brakes to help "steer" the vehicle where the driver intends to go. Braking is automatically applied to wheels individually, such as the outer front wheel to counter oversteer or the inner rear wheel to counter understeer. Some ESC systems also reduce engine power until control is regained. ESC does not improve a vehicles cornering performance; instead, it helps to minimize the loss of control. According to Insurance Institute for Highway Safety and the U.S. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, one-third of fatal accidents could be prevented by the use of the technology.
Numerous studies around the world confirm that ESC is highly effective in helping the driver maintain control of the car, thereby saving lives and reducing the severity of crashes. In the fall of 2004 in the U.S., the National Highway and Traffic Safety Administration confirmed the international studies, releasing results of a field study in the U.S. of ESC effectiveness. The NHTSA in United States concluded that ESC reduces crashes by 35%. Additionally, Sport utility vehicles (SUVs) with stability control are involved in 67% fewer accidents than SUVs without the system. The United States Insurance Institute for Highway Safety (IIHS) issued its own study in June 2006 showing that up to 10,000 fatal US crashes could be avoided annually if all vehicles were equipped with ESC The IIHS study concluded that ESC reduces the likelihood of all fatal crashes by 43%, fatal single-vehicle crashes by 56%, and fatal single-vehicle rollovers by 77–80%.
ESC is described as the most important advance in auto safety by many experts. including Nicole Nason, Administrator of the NHTSA, Jim Guest and David Champion of Consumers Union of the Fédération Internationale de lAutomobile (FIA), E-Safety Aware, Csaba Csere, editor of Car and Driver, and Jim Gill, long time ESC proponent of Continental Automotive Systems The European New Car Assessment Program (EuroNCAP) "strongly recommends" that people buy cars fitted with stability control.
The IIHS requires that a vehicle must have ESC as an available option in order for it to qualify for their Top Safety Pick award for occupant protection and accident avoidance.
Inertial Navigation System (INS)is a self-contained navigation technique in which measurements provided by accelerometers and gyroscopes are used to track the position and orientation of an object relative to a known starting point, orientation and velocity. Inertial measurement units (IMUs) typically contain three orthogonal rate-gyroscopes and three orthogonal accelerometers, measuring angular velocity and linear acceleration respectively. By processing signals from these devices it is possible to track the position and orientation of a device.
INS is a navigation aid that uses a computer, motion sensors (accelerometers) and rotation sensors (gyroscopes) to continuously calculate via dead reckoning the position, orientation, and velocity (direction and speed of movement) of a moving object without the need for external references.It is used on vehicles such as ships, aircraft, submarines, guided missiles, and spacecraft.
An INS can detect a change in its geographic position (a move east or north, for example), a change in its velocity (speed and direction of movement), and a change in its orientation (rotation about an axis). It does this by measuring the linear acceleration and angular velocity applied to the system. Since it requires no external reference (after initialization), it is immune to jamming and deception.
1. INS is a self-contained navigation system with good elusive feature and free from external EMI.
2. Work in the air, earth surface,even under the water in every enviornment and time.
3. Provide location,velocity,course,attitude angle data. Good navigation information continuity and low noise.
4. High rate of data update,short precision and good stability.
With the trend of faster, safer, more effecient logistics, rely on the real-time monitoring and control that high performance inertial sensor to logistics object. Inertial sensor plays an important role in vehicle posture monitoring, motion monitoring, induced vibration, even when GPS is inoperable. The unprecedented high precision monitoring which inertial sensor brings is the key application of transportation. Including:
Abration & Vibration Monitoring
Stability & Security Monitoring
Real-end Accident Avoidance
Maintainance management of Abration & Vibration